Mono-sodium Fluoro Acetate. MFA. Compound 1080 & The Truth Behind the Lies & Propaganda
Contributed to TLB by: Joanne McKay
It has long been purported that the toxin used in baits to kill Dingoes and other animals such as Possums in New Zealand, is a ‘natural’ and safe substance ‘harvested’ from the Gastroloblium Genus of plant or poison peas, found in South West Australia and a few other locations around the world.
The truth in its ‘discovery’, synthesis, initial purpose and manufacture is actually far from that ‘propaganda’ and frighteningly sinister.
The Organofluorine compound, Fluoro-acetate is indeed found in small quantities in the Gastroloblium genus of plants. Some species of that genus in SW Australia have evolved to be able to concentrate the substance from low fluorine soils in the region as an anti-herbivore metabolite ( a bittering agent to deter native animals from grazing) Because of long-standing evolutionary association & metabolic digestive adaptation , ‘some’ native Australian herbivores such as Brush-tailed possums, bush rats and western grey kangaroos native to that region in South West Australia are capable of safely eating plants containing fluoro-acetate,
After the settlement of the Swan River Colony in Western Australia in 1829, large tracts of land in the South West were cleared for settlement & grazing. It was soon noticed that some stock was dying after consuming some of the native vegetation, as was also reported in a few other regions in Australia. The culprit was thought to be the Native Pea plants, various species of the Genus, Gastrolobium. In the late 1860’s, samples of these plants in various stages of growth were forwarded via the Colonial Secretary to Dr Ferdinand Mueller at the Melbourne Botanical Gardens in Victoria for inspection. Dr Mueller then sent the sample off to Professor Wittstien in Munich, Germany, for chemical analysis.. He requested to Professor Wittstein of the samples, “You probably know that large tracts of the West Australian Colony are valueless as pasture for sheep, Oxen, and horses from the superabundance of this noxious plant and it’s cognate species. … Now it would be interesting to discover wherein the deadly effects of the poison lies.”
From those initial samples, not very much was able to be determined of the toxin in the plant that was responsible for the death of grazing stock. It was not until 1896 that a Belgian chemist, Swarts, was able to isolate the fluoro-acetate compound and synthesis it artificially using a treatment of methyl-iodoacet
There was not much demand for this highly toxic, very expensive, difficult to synthesis chemical agent and it was only trialled in Germany in the 30’s as a moth deterrent.
“It was not until the outbreak of World War II that a sinister possible use for the toxin was proposed.
Under the stress of World War II chemists in England, Germany and their Allied countries sought to develop chemicals (independently,
For the latter kind of chemical agent it can be easily envisaged that a secret agent could poison the water supply of a large enemy populace with but a small amount of a toxic chemical. The requirements for a water poison are stringent: it should he colorless, odorless, soluble, stable, and highly toxic, preferably with a delayed action to prevent early detection. It therefore must have come as quite a surprise to chemists in England, Germany, and Poland when they discovered independently during the early stages of the war that a simple derivative of acetic acid fulfills all of the above criteria for an ideal water poison! This compound is methyl fluoroacetate (MFA) and it along with fluoroacetic acid (FA) and 2-fluoroethanol
MFA (Monosodium Fluoro-Acetate)
By the end of the war several countries including England, the United States, Poland, and Germany had developed efficient pilot-plant methods for the preparation of MFA.
After WWII, with no use as a chemical warfare agent, the USA ‘s department of Agriculture & Food developed and produced the highly concentrated compound, (now known as 1080 [Ten-Eighty] because of it’s production catalog number) as a pesticide & predacide primarily to combat rodents. It was also found to be an effective and potent killer of Coyotes and Wolves. (Patent held by Monsanto until transferred to Tull Chemicals in Alabama in 1955) A willing & open market was soon found in Australia to Kill Dingoes, previously killed by unrestricted & liberal use of Strychnine. With dozens of deaths & suicides every year in Australia attributed to Strychnine poison, Ten-Eighty (1080) was quickly adopted and marketed as the safe & natural alternative. The spin and propaganda to sell to the Australian market was that 1080 was a natural poison derived from native Australian plants and would not harm the native fauna. Although the Spin to the New Zealand market was contradictory as it was marketed there to specifically kill Australian possums that had become invasive after introduction to provide a Pelt & Fur industry with stock.
1080 Mono-sodium Fluoro-Acetate has been banned widely worldwide, including its country of manufacture, the USA, because of it’s inhumane nature of death, acute toxicity, environmental impact and potential threat to human life. Australia & New Zealand import 95% of production and there is a vast stockpile held by Tull Chemicals in Alabama. Australians have long been duped by the spin and propaganda of this toxin’s supposed natural innocent origin and immunity to Australian wildlife. Even government bodies in Australia still spout rubbish that 1080 is ‘harvested’ from the native pea. Nothing could be further from the truth. The artificially concentrated manufactured toxin was born of War to silently kill humans in their thousands by secreting it into their drinking water. It is as natural as Sodium-Cyanide is to the bitter taste of an Apricot kernel.
From an innocent query of a Australian squatter about a poisonous plant killing his cows, to a Melbourne Botanist, to a colleague in Munich, to a Belgian chemist, to NAZI & Allied scientists, to a WMD, to Monsanto and back to Australia
There remains the sinister question of, why does the USA still permit the manufacture by the Ton of this toxin by a sole operator in a small blue shed in the backwoods of Alabama when they have banned domestic use in their own country? Why is Australia and New Zealand still being encouraged by the USA to import and use it? Are we keeping its only manufacture and synthesis plant operational for a reason? What potential use may the US Government have for this chemical? Perhaps it’s original intended use at sometime in the future?
Acutely toxic to humans, concentrated, colorless, odorless, stable, highly water soluble, delayed death. The perfect WMD or Terrorist tool.
Photo sourced Jennifer Greene
1080 Poison Compound – Sodium monofluroacetat
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Where the 1080 Bomb journey began
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