By Lorraine Chow
Costco has already turned its back on genetically modified salmon and now the major warehouse club is helping farmers buy land and equipment to grow organics in order to meet insatiable consumer appetite for healthier food.
According to The Seattle Times, “So far, Costco is working with just one partner, loaning money to help San Diego-based Andrew and Williamson Fresh Produce buy equipment and 1,200 acres of land in the Mexican state of Baja California.” Costco is said to be expanding similar organic food initiatives with companies that operate in Chile and Mexico.
With its new deal with Andrew and Williamson Fresh Produce, Costco has bought first rights on everything that meets its requirements coming off the land.
“By helping them with financing, we got access to and purchased about 145,000 cases of organic raspberries that we normally would not have access to,” Jeff Lyons, Costco’s senior vice president of fresh foods, told the publication. “Because they normally would not have done the deal or could not have done it. Or, if they could have, we may not have gotten first dibs.”
The idea behind these new investments is to keep up with the country’s fastest-growing food category. Sales from organic farms have boomed in recent years, with consumer spending on organics up 72 percent since 2008, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s 2014 Organic Survey.
“We cannot get enough organics to stay in business day in and day out,” Costco CEO Craig Jelinek said at a recent shareholder meeting.
Costco, the world’s second largest retailer with 487 stores, sold roughly $4 billion in organic food in 2015. This makes it the top organic grocer in the country and possibly surpassing Whole Foods’s sales, The Seattle Times reported last year.
However, as demand for organic food continues to soar, the supply of organic crops to meet that demand is falling short.
“Organic food currently accounts for about 5 percent of all food sales in the U.S., but organic farming acres make up less than one percent of total U.S. farmland,” Ken Roseboro, the editor and publisher of The Organic & Non-GMO Report, pointed out. “The U.S. imported $184 million in organic soybeans and $35 million in organic corn in 2014.”
The U.S. is currently looking into other avenues, including Cuba, to meet demand.
Still, helping farmers transition to organic is highly unusual for the industry since it’s an expensive and time-consuming process.
As The Seattle Times noted, under guidelines set by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, it takes three years for conventional farmers to make the switch as it takes that much time for pesticides and other nonorganic substances to wash away from the land. Not only that, farmers also need new equipment and have to adopt new practices to grow organic food.
• Costco, which sells 80 million of its famous rotisserie chickens a year, raises its chickens at an Alabama poultry plant
• Instead of sourcing slave labor-produced shrimp from Thailand, Costco has worked with a Mexican vendor for the past two years to source wild shrimp from the Sea of Cortez
• For organic beef, Costco is contracting with Nebraskan farmers to raise cattle on organic fields
Lyons told the Seattle Times that these initiatives answer the following two questions: “What do we see down the road that could be a challenge in terms of supply? And what can we put in place today to grow that particular scarce resource?”
With the healthy food movement only growing larger, it only makes good business sense for more companies to switch to sustainable practices.
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